A portion of a patio can be faded out to high­light an important edge of the design. 1. 4. Using white on the upper left of plant symbols, along with a dark side, highlights the symbol. The angle of the pencil is similar to that when writing or print­ing with a pencil. 3. White is used on the evergreen to help indi­cate a cone shape. 2. Using pink and violet in a circular scallop pat­tern can indicate an ornamental tree. INDIVIDUAL TREE SYMBOLS AND CONTRASTING GROUND COVERS
Figure 15—17 gives examples of individual tree symbols and contrasting ground covers. A black or dark gray calligraphy pen provides for an easy and even shadow. This technique is often used for coloring in large areas such as expansive lawn or a pond of water. Shadows on cars and benches are offset to indi­cate that the supports are set within the form. 1. 1. Figure 15-13

Vary the Shading (Figure 15-12)
The values (light/dark) of the colors of hardscape mate­rials should be varied to create additional interest. Thin parallel black lines spaced close together make for a reasonable shadow. 5. 6. 5. Ground cover symbols are light and faint in character so as not to overpower the tree. 6. Eleven techniques will be presented, each with a series of examples to aid in illustrating variations in the techniques. First, just as black-and-white drawings can be developed using a variety of line types, these same drawings can be developed using the same line types, but with the use of color pencils. 2. 2. 6. Varying the pressure of a blue pencil in an ac­cordion pattern adds additional texture. Boulders can be represented by coloring sepa­rate sides with varied colors in different values. The following are common examples:
• A gray pencil can be used to draw a series of varied sizes of polygons to repre­sent a stone patio. Blues and greens are good combinations for coniferous evergreen trees. White, violet, pink, and green are used to de­lineate a flower bed. Soft Is Safe (Figure 15-7)
Soft tints of color are very effective when coloring a drawing that is already rendered in pen or pencil. Wide violet lines and thinner pink lines pro­vide textural interest to this ornamental tree. White is used with blue to illustrate a sky background. 4. • A pink and a purple pencil can be used to fill an area with jitter lines to rep­resent a bed of annual color. 2. Combine Colors (Figure 15-9)
Figure 15-9

Coloring an item with two or three colors will add more interest than if it were colored with one color. The evergreen shrubs have less lines and lighter color under the tree. 2. 6. Second, color pencils can be used with a series of techniques that can add character and contrast to landscape design drawings. A sharp pencil point can be used to draw thin lines of any line type. 4. White, blue, and yellow are used to show wavy patterns of water. 1. Vary the Pressure (Figure 15-11)
Learning to vary the pressure in applying color will add a sense of depth and layering to the rendering. 1. 4. Using white on the upper left and green on the bottom right indicates the round form of a tree. 3. The wood fence has a light tint of brown on the area beneath the tree canopy. Fading out of a ground cover symbol is done by rows of lighter and lighter color application. Contour lines can be drawn with a fine-tipped black marker, with sharp to medium lines. Shadows on walls originate at the corners of the form. 3. A single color used to create a jittered pattern will quite easily represent a bed of annual color. 2. 3. Use sharp pencil lines to capture the smaller texture of the plant, such as that of a conifer. 3. Highlighting the edge of a ground cover with yellow calls attention to the paving edge. Angle the pencil even more so as to develop even wider lines. 5. 4. 4. When drawing a mesh texture, color in oppo­site directions for an even pattern. Varying the darkness and lightness with pres­sure will add contrast and interest. Using the same color pencil with varying pressure will often look like two colors. 6. Respect the Line Type (Figure 15-8)
When adding color to a black-and-white rendered draw­ing, color in the pattern using the same line types. Press lightly so as not to break the point of the pencil. 4 5 6
Figure 15-16

3. • A green pencil can be used to draw accordion lines to represent small ever­greens. 3. These wider lines are quite well suited for delineating things such as wood planks, courses of brick, roof shingles, and so on. Varying the pressure of each of several strands of an accordion symbol provides an easy fade out. The pink ornamental shrubs have just a tint of pink within the tree canopy. 3. 1. 6

3. Using pink with brown and yellow with brown depicts brick and wood, respectively. 3. The lawn area outside the tree canopy is dark­ened to emphasize the edge of the tree. 2. Color pencils can be used in two primary ways to render landscape design drawings. 5. The sides of roofs facing the sun are rendered lighter than the darker-shaded sides. 6. 5. 5. 4. Light, medium, and dark values of blue can depict various textures of water. Lighten Beneath Tree Canopies (Figure 15-15)
Figure 15-15

When large trees hover over important parts of a design, it is important to lighten the colors beneath the tree. White, blue, and green are used for a different ground cover. 1. Two blues, white, and a tint of yellow make for a shiny and sparkling water effect. Texture is created by varying the pressure in drawing the wide brown lines. 1. 6. 5. Using two colors to draw simple short lines can show brick edging for a paved area. Use a medium to wide fray line to indicate ele­ments such as wood planks or courses of brick. The brick edging is still colored beneath the tree, but with thinner and light lines. 3

Figure 15-7




Vary the Line Width (Figure 15-6)
The width of lines drawn with color pencils can vary from thin to medium to wide.

Updated: 02.11.2014 — 05:37