Graphic examples of concentrated views. Views are another factor that should be studied in a functional diagram. A view to a distant mountain range, to the valley below, or out onto an adjoining golf course are a few examples. Focal points should be strategically placed to highlight special points of the landscape. Concentrated or Focused View This type of view focuses on a particular point in the landscape, such as a piece of sculpture, a unique tree, or a bed of showy flowers. Figure 8-31
Elevation changes between spaces can be expressed with spot grades. During the development of a functional diagram, the designer concentrates on those views that are most significant to the major spaces of the design. Graphic examples for indicating blocked views are illustrated in Figure 8-29. High plant materials, walls, fences, and so on can all be used to block unsightly views. Figure 8-27
Graphic examples of panoramic views. A few graphic examples for focal points are shown in Figure 8-30. It is important to plan the location of focal points in functional diagrams so they can be coordinated with views. It is an encompassing view. Blocked View This type of view is an undesirable view that needs to be screened. Figure 8—27 shows graphic examples of a panoramic view. What a person sees or doesn’t see from a space or a particular point within a space is important to the overall organization and experience of a design. These are typically good views that a designer attempts to enframe or, at the very least, leave unobstructed so they become part of the design’s visual experience. Panoramic View or Vista This type of view takes in a wide area and often emphasizes a view in the landscape that is some distance from the viewer.