Graphic Style and Content

The master plan is drawn in a more exact and controlled graphic manner in compar­ison with the preliminary design. Existing vegetation that is to remain
D. Existing site elements or features that are to remain part of the design solu­tion (should be on the base sheet)
1. Materials and patterns of pavement, walls, fences, overhead structures, and so on
3. This technique gives plant materials a somewhat natural appearance in comparison with the structural elements in the drawing. TALu TAxUS

lEklSTINe Rue&lAW QLfvE. The existing Norway maple has been incorporated with the planting bed adjacent to the brick
terrace. individual plants within them (left side of Figure 12-81). It provides an extra layer of privacy from the east. The terrace fence serves as a screen to separate the terrace from the side yard. The shape of the work/storage area and lawn has been made more rectangular to fit the narrow yard area more comfortably. It should be noted that some individuals prefer to draw a master plan freehand because of speed and the less mechanical style. As can be seen, this master plan is very similar to the preliminary design that preceded it. The area along the eastern side of the house has been revised slightly. Plant materials by quantity and scientific name (unless a separate planting plan is to be drawn)
4. All of this is backed by a massing of shrubs, which has been refined. C. Property line and adjoining street
B. All edges of structural elements (hardscape) such as the house walls, free-standing walls/fences, pavement, steps, pools, and so on are hand drafted or laid out with a computer CAD program to give them precision (Figure 12-80). The planting near the air conditioner has also been altered. Rocks, boulders, and so on
8. A perennial bed is placed behind the ground cover to provide height and a splash of color during the summer. To do this, the master plan is at first only partially com­pleted. The master plan should graphically show essentially the same information as the preliminary plan that preceded it. Perennials, annuals, herbs, and so on, shown as generalized masses
5. It shows the clients in a graphic form what their site will eventually look like if everything in the plan is implemented. Hard or digital copies of this partially completed master plan should be made before proceed­ing so they can be used for subsequent drawings. This is perfectly acceptable if all structural lines are drawn precisely. ■Pv-AYAREA wrrn MULCH EASE




8 —CONCRETE. Furniture, planter boxes, sculpture, and so on
In addition, the master plan should identify the following with notes and/or a legend on the drawing:
1. For example, the massing of low Taxus and the group of hawthorns in the southwest corner more clearly define and strengthen the arc of the lawn area. In the front yard, the shape of the sitting area has been revised and the planting has been refined. Heights of walls, fences, steps, benches, and so on
6. The copies of the partially completed master plan can now be used as a base for any additional plan drawings (Figures 12-84 and 12-85). Eugene, OH 10548



Figure 12-87
Arbor, railing, and fence patterns for the Duncan residence. The master plan should show the following to scale:
A. In addition, the shrub planting near the weeping cherry has been eliminated to make this ornamental tree more prominent. All elements of the design drawn and illustrated with the proper symbols and textures, including the following:
1. The arbor is partially open for filtered sun and to support vines. The house, property lines, and all elements and edges of spaces that are com­mon to all these drawings should be drawn first (Figure 12-82). Other notes that help explain the design to the clients
7. However, no plant materials, textures, shadows, or labels should be drawn. The title block infor­mation, north arrow, scale, and borders should also be completed at this time. However, a close inspection will also reveal a number of subtle changes. The western side of the house has been treated in a manner very much like the preliminary design. SUMMARY
The master plan is the end of the design phase of the design process. Figure 12-83
An example of a master plan. Kent, the landscape designer, undertook another study of the design to incorporate a few revisions and refinements. In preparing the master plan, special study is given to the materials and appearance of the design. Walls, fences, steps, and other structures; overhead structures may need to be shown on a separate drawing so they do not become confused with pavement, plant materials, and so on
3. Outside walls of the house including doors and windows
Figure 12-81
A process for drawing plant materials in the master plan. This procedure will save the time needed to redraw all the lines and symbols that are common to the master plan and additional drawings. For plant materials drawn freehand, it is best to first use a circle template to lightly draw the outlines of plant masses as well as the
Figure 12-80
The edges of structural elements in the master plan can be drafted or drawn in CAD. You should understand the following about the master plan and its proposed materials:
• Factors that should be considered in determining the selection of materials
• Characteristics and potential uses of loose pavement materials including gravel and recycled materials
• Characteristics and potential uses of unit pavement materials including stone, concrete pavers, tile, brick, and wood
• Characteristics and potential uses of adhesive pave­ment materials such as concrete
• Design guidelines for composing pavement patterns
• Characteristics and potential uses of materials used in site structures including stone, brick, precast con­crete block, wood, and metal
• Design guidelines for composing materials in various site structures
• Design process steps for preparing the master plan and relation to preliminary design
• Graphic style of the master plan and information shown on it The master plan also en­sures that the landscape will be treated as a coordi­nated environment tailored to the specific site condi­tions and needs of the clients. Duncan Residence Master Plan
After reviewing the two preliminary plans (Figures 11-108 and 11-109), the Duncans decided on Preliminary Plan “B” (Figure 11-109). Existing areas of pavement such as driveway and walks

Updated: 01.11.2014 — 13:29